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Concussion Clinic

What is a Concussion?

A concussion is a common form of brain injury and can be caused by a direct or indirect hit to the head or body. These injuries may cause a change in brain function, which can produce a variety of symptoms. With a concussion, there is no visible injury to the structure of the brain, meaning that tests like MRI or CT scans usually appear normal.

It is estimated that 10 percent of all athletes involved in contact sports, such as hockey, football, and soccer suffer a concussion each season.  The true number of athletes may be much higher as many concussions either go unreported or are not properly diagnosed as symptoms can be variable and are not always easy to diagnose.

Reported by athlete

Observed by coach or parent

  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Balance problems or dizziness
  • Sensitivity to light or noise
  • Feeling sluggish
  • Feeling “foggy”
  • Change in sleep patterns
  • Concentration or memory problems
  • Appears to be dazed or stunned
  • Is confused about assignment
  • Forgets plays
  • Is unsure of game, score, or opponent
  • Answers questions slowly
  • Moves clumsily
  • Loses consciousness (even temporarily)
  • Shows behaviour or personality change
  • Forgets events prior to hit (retrograde amnesia)
  • Forgets events after hit (anterograde amnesia)

How can KOPI help?